FSD2160 Finnish Local Government 2004: Educational Institutions 2002: Vocational Schools, Upper Secondary Schools and Adult Education

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  • University of Vaasa. Department of Public Management


adult education institutions, decision making, educational development, educational institutions, educational resources, governing boards (education), local education authorities, secondary schools, teaching, vocational education institutions


Similar surveys were also carried out in 1995 and 1998. Contrary to the two previous surveys, in 2002 primary schools and lower secondary schools were sent a questionnaire that was different from the one sent to the other schools. This survey deals mainly with the following topics: the content of vocational, upper secondary and adult education services, and the municipal administration and development policies of educational institutions.

The content of educational services was studied with questions about specialised teaching in the school (for upper secondary schools), languages taught, extra-curricular activities, possible fees for the services, whether any of the teaching was outsourced and whether any reforms or experiments were being carried out in the school at the moment of the survey. The respondents were asked how various supplementary and support services (e.g. student lunch, accommodation, security) had been carried out in the school and how satisfied they were with these services. Opinions were charted on whether outsourcing should be increased or decreased. The respondents were asked about the changes after 1998 in different educational services and the school's resources (e.g. whether the use of supply teachers had increased) as well as different factors related to the school's functionality at the time of survey (size of study groups, sufficiency of rooms). Use of surveys in examining student opinions on educational services was charted.

In relation to management and decision making in the educational institution, the respondents were asked which elected body was mainly in charge, its role and significance, and the role of other elected bodies. Some questions pertained to the effect that various bodies (e.g. the EU, local government, teachers) have on school activities. The importance of various roles and tasks when working as a principal were investigated. Views on the school's future development goals were also probed. Finally, a set of attitudinal statements examined the respondents' opinions on resources, recruiting, the status of educational services in the municipality, etc.

Background variables included, among others, the respondent's year of birth, job title, job experience in education, and level of education. Background variables for the organisation that the respondent represented were the name of the organisation, type, ownership base, language used in teaching, municipality, and number of students and staff.

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