FSD2521 Finnish Youth Survey 1995

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  • Ministry of Labour
  • Ministry of Education. Advisory Council for Youth Affairs


career development, future expectations, national identity, occupational life, youth, youth employment, youth unemployment


The main themes of the 1995 youth survey were employment, unemployment and national identity.

The respondents were asked whether they were studying at that moment and whether they were satisfied with their education in terms of gaining employment. Those in employment were asked about their job contract and whether the job was commensurate with their qualifications. The unemployed or the laid-off were asked about the spells and duration of unemployment and willingness to participate in a youth workshop.

The respondents were asked to what extent they agreed with a number of statements relating to Finnish society, employment opportunities, unemployment benefits, employment situation, and means of increasing employment opportunities (for instance, did education significantly improved one's chances of getting a job, whether young people could be paid a lower wage, whether Finland should have more immigrants).

Finally, the young respondents were queried about objects or sources of national pride. They were asked to what extent they thought Finns should be proud of certain things, such as sports achievements, Finnish social security system, design and architecture, art and music, and Finnishness. Another question probed opinions on the characteristics of a typical Finn (selfishness, tolerance, envy, violence, diligence etc). Future plans were charted by asking whether the respondents planned to work or study abroad, set up a business or acquire vocational education within the next five years. Since 1995, 17 - 29 year-old-women have had the option of voluntary military service in Finland. Female respondents were asked whether they intended to enter voluntary military service.

Background variables included the respondent's age, gender, basic education, vocational education, economic activity, and municipality of residence.

Study description in machine readable DDI 2.0 format

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