FSD2922 European Social Survey 2012: Finnish Data

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  • Fitzgerald, Rory (City University. Centre for Comparative Social Surveys)
  • Jowell, Roger (City University. Centre for Comparative Social Surveys)
  • ESS Core Scientific Team
  • Ervasti, Heikki (University of Turku. Department of Social Research)


democracy, immigration, labour and employment, minority groups, political participation, politics, trust


The survey studied several themes, including the use of media, social trust, political participation and interest, political trust, political orientation and commitment, satisfaction with own circumstances and certain public services, perceptions of own well-being, religious views, experiences of discrimination, and national and ethnic identity. These themes are recurring in different ESS rounds.

Themes for the rotating modules in this collection round included personal and social well-being and understanding of and opinions on democracy. The survey also charted views on immigration and values (Schwartz Human Values Scale).

The respondents' socio-demographics were widely charted, including, among others, household composition, gender, age, type of neighbourhood, education, occupation, background information on spouse and parents, trade union membership, household income, and marital status.

Study description in machine readable DDI 2.0 format

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