FSD2928 Rural Finland 2013: Business Executives

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  • Aho, Pauliina (Taloustutkimus)
  • Rahkonen, Juho (Taloustutkimus)


businesses, countryside, rural areas, rural development, rural economics, rural environment, rural migration, rural planning, rural policy


The survey studied public opinion and experiences of the countryside in Finland and beliefs about the significance, development and future of rural areas. The respondents were top-level managers of Finnish enterprises. The study is a continuation of the surveys conducted in the Landmarks Programme of the Finnish Innovation Fund (Sitra) in 2009 and 2011.

First, the respondents were asked what kinds of places corresponded to their view of the countryside and which areas they saw as part of the countryside (e.g. holiday villages in rural areas, rural population centres, nature areas, rural areas dominated by agricultural areas). The experience of urban/rural identity was examined by asking whether the respondents thought themselves as city or rural residents and how important this identity was to them.

The respondents were presented with a number of statements relating to the countryside, its image and future development and significance. Some questions covered what the respondents would like the countryside to be like in 2025, what countryside meant to them at the time of the survey and what they believed it would mean to them in ten years' time. Further questions explored the respondents' beliefs about whether the significance of rural areas would grow or diminish in Finland.

Some questions investigated what kind of business ventures they thought could have potential in the countryside (e.g. logistics services, renewable energy production, tourism), and to what extent they agreed with a number of statements related to entrepreneurship both in general and in the countryside. Finally, the respondents were asked about their own business and its relation to the Finnish countryside and Finland.

Background variables included the respondent's year of birth, gender, education, political party choice if the parliamentary elections were held at the time of survey, occupational status, annual gross income of the household, and municipality type as well as the number of employees in the respondent's enterprise, neighbourhood type of the enterprise headquarters, industrial sector and revenue of the enterprise.

Study description in machine readable DDI 2.0 format

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