FSD3106 ISSP 2015: Work Orientations IV: Finnish Data

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  • International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
  • Blom, Raimo (University of Tampere. School of Social Sciences and Humanities)
  • Melin, Harri (University of Tampere. School of Social Sciences and Humanities)


discrimination, employment, family life, hours of work, job satisfaction, labour and employment, occupational life, unemployment, working conditions, workloads


The survey charted Finnish attitudes to work. The respondents were asked questions and presented statements about work, employment and occupational life.

The respondents were first asked questions about their employment situation, such as whether they were in paid work, how many hours they worked per week, whether they were an entrepreneur and in a supervisory position, what type of employer they had, and what their occupation was. The respondents who had a spouse or a partner were also asked these questions about their spouse's or partner's employment situation.

Opinions were charted on the importance of work in general and different aspects in work (e.g. good income, independence at work). Importance of family over work and work-family balance were surveyed as well as discrimination and harassment experienced at work. Views of the significance of trade unions were studied. The respondents were asked whether they would like to work longer or shorter hours, how often they felt their job was stressful and physically taxing, and how often they worked at home and during the weekends. A number of statements relating to current job were presented (e.g. "My job is secure"). Flexible working time arrangements were charted.

One set of questions surveyed participation in professional training, relationships at the workplace, satisfaction with the job, and commitment to occupation and employer. Relating to job change and unemployment, the respondents were asked about plans to change jobs, the ease of finding a new job, worries over losing job, and steps they would be prepared to take to avoid unemployment (e.g. accept a job with a lower salary). Side jobs were charted.

The respondents who did not have a paid job at the time of the survey were asked, among others, about the last time they had had a paid job, the reasons their last job had ended, satisfaction with last job, likelihood of finding a new job, steps taken to find a job, and their source of economic support. Finally, opinions were charted on whether the employment of people aged 60 and over was a positive or a negative thing.

Background variables included, among others, the respondent's gender, age, education, marital status, monthly gross income, type of municipality of residence, membership in a trade union, membership in a religious community, religious attendance, self-perceived social class, and party choice in the previous parliamentary elections.

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