FSD3327 e2's Survey on Values and Attitudes 2016

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  • Pitkänen, Ville (e2)
  • Westinen, Jussi (e2)
  • Think Tank e2


climate change, culture, defence, democracy, immigration, mass media, social systems, social values


The survey charted opinions on the climate of debate and debate participation as well as values and attitudes regarding various societal affairs in Finland. The survey was funded by e2.

First, the respondents were asked to what extent they agreed or disagreed with a number of statements relating to, for example, the functionality of Finnish democracy, necessity of austerity measures, immigration, protection of Finnish culture from outside influence, and relations with Russia and the EU. Opinions on national defence and security were examined with questions on the maintenance of national security, voluntary national defence and mandatory national defence training for women.

Next, attitudes towards the Finnish climate of debate and debate participation were charted with questions relating to, for example, deliberate provocation in Finnish discussion, social media and traditional media, personal ability to evaluate the actions of decision-makers, and perceived likelihood of being able to influence societal affairs. Opinions on carrying out illegal activities for a good cause were also examined. Finally, the respondents were asked to what extent they agreed or disagreed with statements regarding climate change issues, Finnish participation in solving global problems, and price of food in Finland.

Background variables included, among others, gender, age, NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions of residence, level of education, status in employment, household composition, household income and political party preference. Additionally, the respondents were asked to place themselves on the left-right and the liberal-conservative political scales.

Study description in machine readable DDI 2.0 format

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