FSD1045 Change in Occupational Structure and Social Status in Finland 1994

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  • Blom, Raimo (University of Tampere. Department of Sociology and Social Psychology)
  • Melin, Harri (University of Tampere. Department of Sociology and Social Psychology)
  • Nikula, Jouko (University of Tampere. Department of Sociology and Social Psychology)


associations, domestic responsibilities, employment, job characteristics, job satisfaction, leisure time, occupational status, social change, social status, social structure, standard of living, trust, unemployment, working conditions, workloads

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In this survey, a varied set of questions were used to canvass the respondents' present professions, nature of work, decision-making in the work-place, content of work, careers, education, family life, childhood and leisure time, economic situation, and participation in social activities.

The respondents were asked several questions about their present profession, place of work, working hours, overtime work, and salary. The nature of work was studied by asking about the gender of colleagues, use of computers, chances of promotion, decision-making in the work-place, job independence and whether the respondents did routine work or not. In addition, there were questions about how strenuous the respondents considered their jobs to be mentally and physically, whether they considered the pace of work hectic, whether the workload was too great in view of time constraints, which things they regarded the most important in their working place, and whether the respondents would have liked to retire from work by resorting to different pension plans or to change their working place.

In relation to career and education, the respondents were asked in what professions they had been, whether they had ever been unemployed, how they managed to cope with unemployment, to which professions they had professional training, and whether they had received training at work. The respondents were also asked who in their household took care of the various responsibilities at home, who made the decisions over the various things related with family and leisure time, and who they believed could be of assistance in economic problems or various things connected with work, housing, or launching a business.

The respondents' participation in social activities were canvassed by asking whether they were members in some group or organisation, whether they had held an elected office in those groups or organisations, and how often they had participated in their activities. The respondents were also asked about their trust in various institutions and about the seriousness of a host of social problems. In addition, the respondents were presented with several opinions and statements about income disparities, willingness to work, social classes, voting, the role of the government and the state, equality, politics, reasons of poverty, and prerequisites for coping with society. Entrepreneurs and farmers were asked about the field of activity of their enterprise, size of it, number of workers, profitability and factors affecting it, and plans for the future.

Background variables included the respondent's education, year of birth, province of residence, marital status, number of children, education and occupation of the spouse, occupation of the parents, and the economic situation of the household. Part of the questions in the survey are the same as in FSD1046 Social Change in Baltic Countries 1993.

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