This data series contains the results of the development and research project 'Good Leisure Time' by Helsinki City Youth Department. 'Good Leisure Time' is one of the priority projects funded by Helsinki City Council to battle the marginalisation of youth. Twelve lower secondary school classes with an approximate total of 170 pupils aged 13-16 participated in the study in 2013-2017. The classes were divided into six target and six control group classes. The target classes had an assigned youth worker whose role was to support the pupils in finding a hobby or a leisure time activity. The pupils from the control group classes could take part in all activities offered by Helsinki City Youth Department but did not have an assigned youth worker. The project was carried out by Helsinki City Youth Department in collaboration with the Education Division Administration and the Urban Research and Statistics Unit of the City of Helsinki. The same participants were studied in the project from the beginning of the seventh grade until the autumn after finishing lower secondary school at the end of May.
Surveys charted the youth's own perceptions, wishes and experiences relating to their leisure time, well-being, and relationships. Hobbies that they had or would like to try were also examined.
Data collection began in September 2013 when the participants had attended lower secondary school for one month. Starting from the seventh grade, the participating pupils and pupils from control group classes responded to six internet surveys in total, one for each term. The survey was conducted both during the autumn and spring terms so that information could be obtained regarding the youth's summer and winter hobbies. In addition, the series comprise diaries of youth workers and interviews of youth workers and teachers conducted as part of a research project.
The Family barometers series was launched by the Population Research Institute, a subdivision of the Finnish Family Federation, in 1996. The annual surveys revolve round family life, but each barometer has also its own theme. These have included assistance between different generations, sufficiency of public support and services, the division of domestic responsibilities, work-life balance, parenting, child-rearing, and children's pastimes and hobbies.
Finnish Attitudes towards Alcohol surveys, conducted every two years by SOSTE Finnish Federation for Social Affairs and Health, chart the opinions of Finns aged 15-79 on alcohol use and alcohol policy. Until 2010, the surveys were carried out by the Finnish Centre for Health and Welfare (Tekry ry). The first survey was conducted in 2006. Views have been studied on, among others, Finnish drinking culture, alcohol taxation, drink drive limits, alcohol advertising, and regulation of alcohol purchase and consumption. The data are collected by telephone interviews. The FSD collections cover data for 2006, 2008 and 2012.
The first two Rural Finland barometers were conducted as part of the Landmarks Programme (2010-2012) of the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra. The barometers provide information on the relationship of the Finns to the countryside and on their ideas for its future. Respondents are Finnish citizens, business managers, public sector decision-makers, media representatives, and countryside experts. Barometers were conducted from 2009 to 2013.
During the years 1998-2011, the Finnish National Electronic Library (FinELib) carried out several surveys directed to the users of electronic resources in Finnish university, polytechnic, research institute, and public and special libraries. Users were asked how they used e-resources, what kind of e-resources they needed, how satisfied they were with the resources and what kind of development ideas they had for the service.
The Power Structures Surveys examine the power elite in Finland. The respondents represent the following sectors of society: politics, administration, business life, organisations, mass media, science, and culture. The studies focus on institutional leadership positions and roles in the various sectors, not on the persons as such. The themes of the study include career, internationalisation, interaction, influence, and childhood home.
The joint research project of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (KELA) and the Department of Social Policy at the University of Turku (nowadays the Department of Social Research) focuses on Finnish experiences and opinions on welfare, social policy and social security. The survey series studies respondents' (aged between 18 and 74) main economic activity, employment status, health, housing, experiences of unemployment, social benefits and income transfers received, financial circumstances, and standard of living on the whole.
Themes covered also include social relations, life events and life control. The surveys are comparable to a large extent. The surveys were carried out in 1995, 1996, 1998 and 2000.
Since 1984, the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) has conducted biennial surveys studying changes in Finnish attitudes, values, and perceptions of the present and the future. The series, formerly known as Finnish National Attitudes, aims at measuring and analysing citizens' views on Finnish society. The data allow a detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of change in public opinion. Each dataset contains both new themes and recurring themes with questions repeated over the years.
Themes covered include democracy, market economy, welfare, environment, society and politics, Finland's international position, economic depression, economic growth, Finnish identity, and views on the future. The surveys are funded by EVA and have usually been carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus. The FSD collections also include surveys on values and attitudes of corporate executives (for example, FSD1091), in which some of the questions presented in this series have been repeated.
Development Cooperation Surveys are commissioned by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and study citizens' opinions, attitudes and information needs connected with development cooperation. The data collection has been conducted by Taloustutkimus. The survey series was launched in 1997.
Sport Surveys study sporting activities and exercise habits and trends in Finland. The surveys were carried out every four years from 1994 to 2010 separately for adult population aged 19 - 65 and for younger persons aged 3 - 18. Topics covered include to what extent and how often Finns take part in sporting or recreational physical activities, what types of sport they do, the role of sports organisations, and willingness to try out new sports. Some questions focus on voluntary work carried out for sports clubs and other organisations, participation in sports events and competitions, and sport spectatorship. In this respect, the scope of the study is extended from exercising habits to citizen participation in sports.
As Finland has four distinct seasons, the data were collected year round to ensure that all types of sport are equally included. Data collection was carried out by Gallup Finland. The surveys were commissioned by,
among others, the Finnish Sports Federation (SLU) and the Young Finland Association in co-operation with the Ministry of Education and Culture. The FSD collections cover data from 2001-2002 to 2005-2006.
Gallup Finland has been collecting follow-up data on Finnish public elections, using its computerised GallupChannel Data Collection System. The surveys, led by Tom Moring and Juhani Pehkonen, have studied voting behaviour, political party and candidate choice, and what kind of influence the media, information sources, election campaigns and advertising have had on people's voting decisions.
The National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES), nowadays called the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) , has been conducting surveys on attitudes towards alcohol control policies in Finland. Survey questions have explored opinons on alcohol retail outlets, alcohol marketing and advertising and age limits for alcohol purchase, etc. Data collection has been carried out by Gallup Finland (currently TSN Gallup Finland). The FSD collections cover data from 1996 to 2004.
The data in the series have been collected as part of the Finnish Working Life Barometers which cover employees in all sectors, using the same questionnaire. This series covers employees in the local government sector only, containing an oversample of the target population. The questions used are the same as for the main survey. The series is commissioned by the Centre for Occupational Safety and its Local Government Sector Group. The surveys conducted 1994-2011.
Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. Main topics include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. This series allows longitudinal study on changes in the working conditions of municipal employees.
Sociobarometers, compiled by SOSTE Finnish Society for Social and Health (previously the Finnish Federation for Social Welfare and Health), have been carried out annually since 1991. Various service providers (e.g. local social services, health care centres, employment offices, Social Insurance Institution authorities) evaluate the state of services and changes in welfare of citizens. Some current social policy themes are also included. The FSD collections cover data from 1994.
Public procurement notices data contain the announcements published in HILMA, an electronic forum for publishing contract notices, maintained by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy of Finland. Public contracts are supply, service or public works contracts into which the state, municipalities or federations of municipalities, state enterprises and other contracting authorities, as defined in the procurement legislation, enter with external suppliers. Contracting authorities are required to publish the contracts exceeding a threshold value in the HILMA database. FSD collections contain data beginning from the year 2007.
Finnish Science Barometers study attitudes towards science and research. Topics cover usefulness, quality and ethics of science, benefits and risks of scientific and technological development, and world-view. The first barometer was conducted in 2001, after which data have been collected at three-year intervals. The surveys are commissioned by Tieteen tiedotus ry and carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.
Nyyti ry is a Finnish non-profit organisation supporting student wellbeing. The organisation conducted surveys from 2011 to 2015 among university students, focusing on their experiences and feelings during the first phase of their studies. Questions cover transfer to a new location and place of study, everyday life there, start of studies and support received, student organisation and tutor activities, and the role of alcohol in student life.
The research programme Finnish Local Government 2004 was a joint programme launched by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, universities and research centres. It was funded by Finnish municipalities and the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities. The project engaged in a systematic and comparable analysis of the development of the municipal sector in 1995-2004. The 47 municipalities participating in the programme were representative of the Finnish local government sector.
The study programme comprised of 14 research modules. For most modules, data were collected through mail surveys. The data may be used for cross-sectional or time series analysis.
The data series contains register information on the vacancies notified to the Public Employment Service in Finland. Information is provided on open vacancies, employers reporting them and the process of filling the vacancies. Regional variables as well as variables connected to the time frames of the recruitment process have been added to the data. The series also contains data on employment, unemployment and labour market policy measures aiming to enhance employment.
The Ministry of Employment and the Economy produces new datasets each year.
Police Barometers are conducted by the Police Department of the Finnish Ministry of the Interior and since 2016 by the Police University College. The surveys chart Finnish respondents' (aged over 15) attitudes towards the role, activities, and services of the police. Citizens' fears, crime risk, and opinions on national security are also covered. FSD collections cover data from 1999 onwards.
In this survey series, well-being at school is under observation. The respondents belong to four target groups: primary schools (grades 4-6), lower secondary schools (grades 7-9), upper secondary institutions, and personnel. The data are collected during each school year, and schools can independently decide in what time of the year they respond to the survey. The first datasets archived at the FSD are from the school year 2004-2005.
The School Well-being Profile is based on Anne Konu's doctoral dissertation, in which well-being at school is divided into four categories: school conditions, social relationships in school, means for self-fulfilment in school, and health status. The quantitative datasets in the series examine these categories with the help of statements and multiple choice questions. The topics in the survey are the same to all respondents, but the wording of the questions has been specifically adjusted for each target group. The data are collected through an Internet survey on the web page of the Finnish National Board of Education.
European Social Survey (ESS) is a biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations. The first round was fielded in 2002/2003. All participating countries are required to contribute to the central coordination costs of the ESS ERIC. In addition, each country participating in the ESS ERIC undertakes to cover the costs of fieldwork and national coordination. The Academy of Finland funds the project in Finland.
The interview data consist of a core module, which remains relatively constant from round to round, and two or three rotating modules, repeated at intervals. Additional data are collected through self-administered questionnaires. The core module monitors change and continuity in a wide range of social variables, including media use; social and public trust; political interest and participation; socio-political orientations; governance and efficacy; social exclusion; well-being, health and security; moral, political and social values; national, ethnic and religious alliances; demographics and socio-economics.
The survey series charts the extent and type of voluntary activities of Finnish residents aged 15 and over. Taloustutkimus collected the data via face-to-face interviews in 2010, 2015 and 2018. The studies have been commissioned by Citizen Forum as well as the National Church Council, HelsinkiMissio and Sivis Study Centre.
Finnish National Election Studies are nationally representative surveys conducted in connection with parliamentary elections in Finland. Data have been collected by the Election Study Consortium from the year 2003 onwards. More information in the Finnish Election Study Portal.
The data, collected through face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires, allow study of changes in public opinion and democracy over time. Some modules are repeated but each study also contains questions on current issues. Main themes include political participation, political attitudes, candidate and party choice, voting, and election campaigning.
A longitudinal survey studying the welfare and welfare service use of the Finnish people, conducted by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (and previously by STAKES). This panel survey uses telephone and face-to-face interviews and postal surveys to collect data which are then combined with existing register data. The FSD collections cover data for 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2013.
The University of Tampere has conducted student experience surveys annually since 2004. The surveys gather information on progress in, satisfaction and problems with studies. They contain both repeated and changing modules. Student feedback is used to improve the quality of courses. From 2006 onwards, the surveys have been directed to second, third and fifth year students. Second year student data cover the respondents' attachment to the university, what it had been like to start studying their course and factors supporting or hampering these processes. Third and fifth year student data focus on study progress, work, completing the course and future plans.
The National Research Institute of Legal Policy, now called the Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy, launched a long-term research project in spring 1995 to study young people's criminal and forbidden activities. In the FSRD surveys, information has been gathered with the self-report method: the participants, 9th grade students from different parts of Finland, have answered anonymously to questions about their own criminal or forbidden activities.
Children's Media Barometers collect nationally comprehensive data on children's media use and their relationship to media. The survey has been conducted from 2010 to 2013. Ages of the children in the target group have varied annually and included, for example, 0 - 8-year-olds, 7 - 11-year-olds, and 10 - 12-year-olds. Depending on the children's age group, the survey respondents have been either the children themselves or their parents. The survey has had different themes on different years, charting things such as significance of gender in media use and formation of media use in family interaction. The barometer has surveyed the use of various media, such as audiovisual programmes, Internet, digital games, radio and music as well as books, comics and magazines. The Barometers have been funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
The University of Tampere Career Services have regularly monitored the employment situation of the recently graduated. The studies focus on students' employment situation a year after graduation. Since 1994, those who have completed a master's degree have been surveyed in two stages depending on whether they graduated in spring or in autumn. Additionally, employment of bachelor graduates has been surveyed from the 2010 graduates onwards. Students who had completed their degree were sent the employment questionnaire approximately a year after they had graduated. Each dataset includes several questions about respondents' search for work and current employment situation. Background information covers respondent's gender and field of study. Employment surveys have also been conducted for University of Tampere postgraduates since 1996.
Advisory Council for Youth Affairs (Nuora), nowadays called the State Youth Council, started to produce Youth Surveys in 1994. This survey series charts attitudes and expectations of Finnish young people aged 15 - 29. Each survey contains both current questions and recurring questions which are repeated over time, enabling the study of long-term attitude changes. The main themes include attitudes to education, working life, social security, spending, drug use, and young people's willingness to participate in order to influence decision-making.
The Department for Rescue Services of the Finnish Ministry of the Interior charts Finnish views on and knowledge of rescue and emergency services by regularly conducting the Finnish Attitudes to Rescue Services, Safety and Emergencies survey. The survey aims to collect information on views on safety, level of preparedness and the impact of information provided by rescue services. Data collection is conducted by TNS Gallup Finland (Kantar TNS). The data are collected by face-to-face interviews and are representative of the Finnish population aged 15 or over, excluding citizens living in the Åland Islands. Some thousand persons are interviewed in each survey. The FSD collections cover data for 2005, 2007, 2011 and 2014.
This survey series charts Finnish alcohol consumption, concentrating on consumption not recorded in statistics. The surveys investigate the use of home-made, smuggled, and privately imported alcoholic beverages, and the use of pure alcohol. At first, the surveys were carried out by the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies, which was annexed to the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES) (nowadays the National Institute for Health and Welfare ) in 1996. The FSD collections cover data from 1995 to 2002.
Religion and religiousness in Russia is a research series carried out by the Academy of Finland and the Russian Academy of Sciences. In Russia, the data were collected by Institut sravnitel'nyh social'nyh issledovanij (Institute for Comparative Social Research), and in Finland by the Research Institute of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The surveys were carried out in 1991, 1993, 1996 and 1999, and are included in the FSD collections.
City services have been studied since 1983. The surveys, conducted by the Association of Finnish Cities, and since 1993 by Efektia and Efeko (nowadays FCG Finnish Consulting Group), canvass citizens' attitudes towards municipal services and administration. The datasets are to a large extent comparable.
Student Experience Survey is a national feedback survey for students, which collects information on students' experiences of studying in Finnish universities. The surveys are targeted at students who have completed a Bachelor's degree or three years of studies in a field where Bachelor's degrees are not awarded. The survey charts progress in studies, satisfaction with the university, social relationships as well as sense of community and well-being as factors of success in studies. The survey has been collected since 2013. In addition to questions common for all respondents, universities are able to ask university-specific questions.
Children and Youth Leisure Surveys chart the leisure time of Finns aged 7-29. The series began life as Youth Leisure Surveys, but the target population was later expanded to also include children aged 7 or older.
The surveys primarily focus in life and activities occurring outside of school, work and other institutions. In addition to repeated questions, there is a changing main theme on each collection round.
The survey series, produced by the Church Research Institute, studies the religiosity and beliefs of continental Finns, and their relationship to the Evangelical Lutheran Chruch of Finland and other religious communities. Themes studied include supernatural phenomena, spirituality and morality, and the importance of different parish activities. The survey data have been collected as part of a separate, cross-national RISC Monitor study. The surveys are carried out by MDC RISC International and Gallup Finland (Kantar TNS). The FSD collections cover data from 1999 onwards.
The data in the series were collected in a project entitled The Welfare State: A Resource or a Constraint, which was part of the Academy of Finland programme Economic Crisis of the 1990s: Reasons, Events and Consequences (1998-2001). The data charted the everyday consumer habits and lifestyles of Finns and their attitudes towards different habits and lifestyles as well as their standard of living, income, expenses and savings. Postal surveys collected in 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 included both changing, topical questions and recurring questions that allow examining changes in attitudes in the longer term. Studies were mainly conducted by the units of sociology and economic sociology at the University of Turku and the Turku School of Economics.
The research series, launched by the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) in 1992, studies Finnish public opinion on EU integration. Views are probed on Finland's EU membership, the future and enlargement of the EU, European economic and fiscal policy, EMU, the European Parliament, Finnish security policy, EU subsidies and European integration as a whole. In addition, the surveys canvass citizen satisfaction with the availability of EU-related information, as well as with the way the Finnish Government and Parliament have handled EU issues.
Starting from 2001, the surveys also cover opinions on international issues in general. Background information includes age, gender, education, economic activity, occupational group and trade union membership. Respondents have been asked which party they would vote for if the parliamentary elections were held at the time of the study. The surveys are commissioned by EVA, and usually carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.
Youth Barometers of Eastern Finland chart the well-being, values and attitudes of young people aged 15-25. The themes studied include education, housing, work, internationalism and the use of services. The surveys have been conducted by the Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences since 2010.
The Eurostudent project collates comparable data on the circumstances of students across Europe. The surveys chart the living conditions and studies of students in higher education as well as their international mobility. The project started in the 1990s and surveys have been carried out roughly every three years.
Diaconia Barometers map the opinions and experiences of the diaconal workers on topical themes related to diaconal work. Main themes include the contents, priorities, resources and partnerships of the diaconal work, as well as the job description of the diaconal workers.
The surveys have been conducted regularly since 1999. Barometers have been carried out by, among others, Diakonian tutkimuksen seura (Finnish Society for Diaconal Research), Diakoniatyöntekijöiden liitto DTL (Diaconal Workers' Association), and the Church Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. FSD collections cover data from 2009 onwards.
The data in the series studied the adoption and use of mobile phones in the lives of Finnish children, young people and families. There are over ten thousand pages of interview transcriptions. Interviewees were families, teenagers, young people, courting couples and teachers. In addition to mobile phone use, the interviews hold information about the everyday lives of Finns at the time.
Data collection started in 1997 and continued in three different projects, funded by Nokia Mobile Phones, Telecom Finland and the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. In 2001, Information Society Research Centre (INSOC), Sonera Mobile Operations and Nokia Mobile Phone carried out a research project called 'Wireless Kids - International Research on Mobile Cultures of Adolescents'. The project explored the mobile communication of children aged under 13 and of teenagers aged 13 to 18, using media ethnographic methodology.
Pension Barometers, launched by the Finnish Centre for Pensions, chart Finnish knowledge and opinions on retirement provision and how these views vary at different times and between demographics. The barometers examine Finns' perceptions of their financial situation when they retire and their trust in the pension system. Surveys are conducted as annual telephone interviews with 1,000 persons aged 15-79 residing in Finland. The first dataset in the series was collected in 2017, and collection rounds aim to continue up until the year 2021. Data collection is conducted by Kantar TNS Finland.
Tampere Praksis is a collaborative project of the City of Tampere, University of Tampere (School of Social Sciences and Humanities), Tampere University of Applied Sciences, and Pikassos, the Centre of Excellence on Social Welfare in the regions of Kanta-Häme, Pirkanmaa and Satakunta. The main goal of the project has been to establish a cooperative structure for social services development, and social work education and study, thus combining practice, learning and research for the mutual benefit of all. The project has focused, for instance, on modelling learning in practical work, developing social services through research, promoting working life orientation of teaching, and investigating the use of social media in communication. Data has been collected for various purposes and in varied modes.
The survey series was launched in 1983 at the University of Tampere, and was initially financed by the energy company Imatran Voima (later known as the Fortum Corporation). Finnish public opinion on energy policy issues was studied by annual mail surveys. Comparative data allow detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of citizen perceptions, opinions, beliefs, knowledge, values, and attitudes on these matters.
The surveys were carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus and jointly produced by the Fortum Corporation (Imatran Voima until 1998) and Teollisuuden Voima (TVO). The Finnish Energy Industries (ET) was responsible for publishing the results from 2004 onwards. The data collection for this series has been finished, but the same themes are studied in the Finnish Energy Attitudes series.
The Department of Social Services and Health Care in the City of Tampere and the UKK Institute launched this joint research project in 1990. Tampere Health and Social Surveys cover the health of the citizens in Tampere and the use of social and health services. The surveys were carried out in a relatively similar manner every three years from 1990 to 2008. The archive contains the surveys from 1996 onwards. Most of the questions are repeated in all surveys, which allows the datasets to be compared over time.
Finnish Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. The survey series was launched in 1992 and is conducted by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. Main themes include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland.
Datasets in the series consist of reasons stated by Finnish citizens in the Eroakirkosta.fi web service for resigning from the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland or the Finnish Orthodox Church. After filing the resignation, the service allows users to write down their reasons for leaving the Church.
The first dataset in the series covers years 2010-2017. Starting from 2018, annual datasets supplement the data series.