The Citizens' Pulse surveys, which examine views relating to the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), are conducted by the Prime Minister's Office and Statistics Finland. The surveys explore Finnish views on the activity and communication of authorities, compliance with regulations, future expectations, trust, and the respondents' own state of mind. Other themes in the surveys include health and well-being, livelihood and concerns relating to everyday life. The online survey is conducted every three weeks and most questions are repeated in each survey. The group of respondents changes for each round. The first survey was collected in the beginning of April 2020. The data archived at FSD have been collected from the beginning of 2021 onwards.
The Free-time Residence Barometers chart the development of free-time residence use in Finland. In the barometers, the term "free-time residence" refers to rural recreational residences (holiday homes, cottages) mainly used during weekends and holidays, particularly in summer. The barometer was created in 2003 by the Island Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry in Finland as a monitoring system to serve the development of leisure time housing. The barometers consist of a free-time residence user survey that charts, for example, the amount of time spent at the residence, remote working and commuting from the residence, money and service usage, equipment level, water supply, and waste disposal.
Vocational School Student Surveys chart the experiences of young people studying in Finnish vocational education institutions. The surveys are conducted by the Research Foundation for Studies and Education (Otus) in collaboration with the National Union of Vocational Students in Finland (SAKKI). Main themes of the surveys include applying for studies, experiences relating to studies and teaching, financial circumstances, plans for the future and working life, and wellbeing and leisure time. The first data for the series were collected in 2015. Subsequently, the study has been conducted biennially.
Child Barometers study the everyday lives of 6-year-old Finnish children. The surveys are conducted by the Office of Ombudsman for Children. The objective of the barometers is to investigate the children's own experiences on topics that are relevant to them. Depending on the target population of each survey, the respondents have been either the children themselves or both the children and their parents. The first barometer was conducted in 2016, after which data have been collected every other year.
The Language Barometer has measured the quality of language services in bilingual Finnish municipalities since 2004. The aim of the barometer is to find out how satisfied minority language speakers are with the municipal and state services offered in their mother tongue. The surveys are conducted by a research unit of Åbo Akademi University in Vaasa in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice, Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities and Swedish Cultural Foundation in Finland.
The parish employee surveys study the values, attitudes and opinions of persons employed by the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. Themes of the surveys include, among others, parish activities and culture, church services, and the employees' religious beliefs. The surveys also chart opinions on various topical issues, such as equality and climate change. Data collection is organised by the Church Research Institute. FSD collections cover data from 2002 onwards.
Since 1984, the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) has conducted biennial surveys studying changes in Finnish attitudes, values, and perceptions of the present and the future. The series, formerly known as Finnish National Attitudes, aims at measuring and analysing citizens' views on Finnish society. The data allow a detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of change in public opinion. Each dataset contains both new themes and recurring themes with questions repeated over the years.
Themes covered include democracy, market economy, welfare, environment, society and politics, Finland's international position, economic depression, economic growth, Finnish identity, and views on the future. The surveys are funded by EVA and have usually been carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.
The National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES), nowadays called the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) , has been conducting surveys on attitudes towards alcohol control policies in Finland. Survey questions have explored opinons on alcohol retail outlets, alcohol marketing and advertising and age limits for alcohol purchase, etc. Data collection has been carried out by Gallup Finland (currently TSN Gallup Finland). The FSD collections cover data from 1996 to 2004.
The National Research Institute of Legal Policy, now called the Institute of Criminology and Legal Policy, launched a long-term research project in spring 1995 to study young people's criminal and forbidden activities. In the FSRD surveys, information has been gathered with the self-report method: the participants, 9th grade students from different parts of Finland, have answered anonymously to questions about their own criminal or forbidden activities.
The University of Tampere have regularly monitored the employment situation of the recently graduated. The studies focus on students' employment situation a year after graduation. Since 1994, those who have completed a master's degree have been surveyed. Additionally, employment of bachelor graduates has been surveyed from the 2010 graduates onwards. Students who had completed their degree were sent the employment questionnaire approximately a year after they had graduated. Each dataset includes several questions about respondents' search for work and current employment situation. Background information covers respondent's gender and field of study. Employment surveys have also been conducted for University of Tampere postgraduates since 1996. The data for this series were collected until 2016.
Religion and religiousness in Russia is a research series carried out by the Academy of Finland and the Russian Academy of Sciences. In Russia, the data were collected by Institut sravnitel'nyh social'nyh issledovanij (Institute for Comparative Social Research), and in Finland by the Research Institute of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The surveys were carried out in 1991, 1993, 1996 and 1999, and are included in the FSD collections.
The research series, launched by the Finnish Business and Policy Forum (EVA) in 1992, studies Finnish public opinion on EU integration. Views are probed on Finland's EU membership, the future and enlargement of the EU, European economic and fiscal policy, EMU, the European Parliament, Finnish security policy, EU subsidies and European integration as a whole. In addition, the surveys canvass citizen satisfaction with the availability of EU-related information, as well as with the way the Finnish Government and Parliament have handled EU issues.
Starting from 2001, the surveys also cover opinions on international issues in general. Background information includes age, gender, education, economic activity, occupational group and trade union membership. Respondents have been asked which party they would vote for if the parliamentary elections were held at the time of the study. The surveys are commissioned by EVA, and usually carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.
The survey series was launched in 1983 at the University of Tampere, and was initially financed by the energy company Imatran Voima (later known as the Fortum Corporation). Finnish public opinion on energy policy issues was studied by annual mail surveys. Comparative data allow detailed empirical analysis and systematic follow-up of citizen perceptions, opinions, beliefs, knowledge, values, and attitudes on these matters.
The surveys were carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus and jointly produced by the Fortum Corporation (Imatran Voima until 1998) and Teollisuuden Voima (TVO). The Finnish Energy Industries (ET) was responsible for publishing the results from 2004 onwards. The data collection for this series has been finished, but the same themes are studied in the Finnish Energy Attitudes series.
European Values Systems Study Group (EVSSG) carried out the first EVS surveys in several Western European countries in 1981. The World Values Surveys series was started when the original EVS study evoked such interest that it was replicated in 14 additional countries. EVS and WVS surveys have been carried out in several waves.
Structurally, the international surveys of the World Values Survey (WVS) series resemble the Eurobarometers and the ISSP surveys. Citizen activities, attitudes, and basic values in different countries are studied with integrated, structured surveys.
European Values Study group is responsible for the EVS data collection. The planning of the WVS has been carried out by the World Values Survey network. FSD collections cover Finnish data from 1996 onwards.
The Finnish Voter Barometer surveys are commissioned by the major parties in the Parliament. In election years, other sponsors have also been involved. Up till 1988, the surveys were planned by Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup Ltd, Kantar) and the Department of Political and Economic Studies at the University of Helsinki in collaboration with the political parties. After 1988, the planning has been in the hands of Gallup Finland and the parties.
From 1973 to 1990, the annual voter barometers were collected mainly with face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires, 1000-2000 interviews/barometer. Since 1991, the data have been collected with GallupChannel (PC's installed in respondents' homes). No surveys were conducted in 1985 and 1989.
Survey themes include voting behaviour, opinions on the government and the parties, and attitudes towards national political issues. In addition, respondents' economic expectations and political participation have often been studied, as well as their opinions on local politics, and the significance of the party leader to a party. Background variables have often included the social class of the respondent and the household head, economic activity of the household head, respondent's education, age, mother tongue, gender, party membership, political views, trade union membership, and family's annual income. There are also regional variables. Even though the variables are not always fully comparable from one survey to another, all kinds of comparisons over time are possible. The FSD collections cover data from 1973-2005.
ISSP is a continuous programme of cross-national collaboration on social science surveys. It is based on annual, internationally integrated surveys carried out in all participating countries. A self-financed consortium of various research institutions is in charge of the programme. The ISSP data collection started in 1985, and in Finland in 2000, along with the national membership.
The GESIS in Germany is responsible for archiving the ISSP data. Country-specific codebooks and questionnaires can be found on the GESIS ISSP web pages. ZACAT, the data portal of the GESIS, offers information on ISSP surveys, with online retrieval, analysis and download. Their Data Catalogue DBK allows retrieval and download of data and questionnaires. Both services are free of charge but downloading requires registration. The ZACAT registration is valid for DBK and vice versa.
The Finnish Opinions on Security Policy and National Defence series includes all surveys conducted by the Advisory Board for Defence Information (ABDI). Their focus is on security policy, foreign policy and national defence. The FSD collections cover data from 1992 onwards. The surveys contain a set of core questions repeated over the years.
The Family barometers series was launched by the Population Research Institute, a subdivision of the Finnish Family Federation, in 1996. The annual surveys revolve round family life, but each barometer has also its own theme. These have included assistance between different generations, sufficiency of public support and services, the division of domestic responsibilities, work-life balance, parenting, child-rearing, and children's pastimes and hobbies.
The joint research project of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (KELA) and the Department of Social Policy at the University of Turku focuses on Finnish experiences and opinions on welfare, social policy and social security. The survey series studies respondents' (aged between 18 and 74) main economic activity, employment status, health, housing, experiences of unemployment, social benefits and income transfers received, financial circumstances, and standard of living on the whole.
Themes covered also include social relations, life events and life control. The surveys are comparable to a large extent. The FSD collections cover data for 1995, 1996, 1998 and 2000.
Development Cooperation Surveys are commissioned by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and study citizens' opinions, attitudes and information needs connected with development cooperation. The data collection has been conducted by Taloustutkimus. The survey series was launched in 1997.
Sport Surveys study sporting activities and exercise habits and trends in Finland. The surveys were carried out every four years from 1994 to 2010 separately for adult population aged 19 - 65 and for younger persons aged 3 - 18. Topics covered include to what extent and how often Finns take part in sporting or recreational physical activities, what types of sport they do, the role of sports organisations, and willingness to try out new sports. Some questions focus on voluntary work carried out for sports clubs and other organisations, participation in sports events and competitions, and sport spectatorship. In this respect, the scope of the study is extended from exercising habits to citizen participation in sports.
As Finland has four distinct seasons, the data were collected year round to ensure that all types of sport are equally included. Data collection was carried out by Gallup Finland. The surveys were commissioned by,
among others, the Finnish Sports Federation (SLU) and the Young Finland Association in co-operation with the Ministry of Education and Culture. The FSD collections cover data from 2001-2002 to 2005-2006.
Sociobarometers, compiled by SOSTE Finnish Society for Social and Health (previously the Finnish Federation for Social Welfare and Health), have been carried out annually since 1991. Various service providers (e.g. local social services, health care centres, employment offices, Social Insurance Institution authorities) evaluate the state of services and changes in welfare of citizens. Some current social policy themes are also included. The FSD collections cover data from 1994.
The research programme Finnish Local Government 2004 was a joint programme launched by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, universities and research centres. It was funded by Finnish municipalities and the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities. The project engaged in a systematic and comparable analysis of the development of the municipal sector in 1995-2004. The 47 municipalities participating in the programme were representative of the Finnish local government sector.
The study programme comprised of 14 research modules. For most modules, data were collected through mail surveys. The data may be used for cross-sectional or time series analysis.
Police Barometers are conducted by the Police Department of the Finnish Ministry of the Interior and since 2016 by the Police University College. The surveys chart Finnish respondents' (aged over 15) attitudes towards the role, activities, and services of the police. Citizens' fears, crime risk, and opinions on national security are also covered. FSD collections cover data from 1999 onwards.
European Social Survey (ESS) is a biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations. The first round was fielded in 2002/2003. All participating countries are required to contribute to the central coordination costs of the ESS ERIC. In addition, each country participating in the ESS ERIC undertakes to cover the costs of fieldwork and national coordination. The Academy of Finland funds the project in Finland.
The interview data consist of a core module, which remains relatively constant from round to round, and two or three rotating modules, repeated at intervals. Additional data are collected through self-administered questionnaires. The core module monitors change and continuity in a wide range of social variables, including media use; social and public trust; political interest and participation; socio-political orientations; governance and efficacy; social exclusion; well-being, health and security; moral, political and social values; national, ethnic and religious alliances; demographics and socio-economics.
Advisory Council for Youth Affairs (Nuora), nowadays called the State Youth Council, started to produce Youth Surveys in 1994. This survey series charts attitudes and expectations of Finnish young people aged 15 - 29. Each survey contains both current questions and recurring questions which are repeated over time, enabling the study of long-term attitude changes. The main themes include attitudes to education, working life, social security, spending, drug use, and young people's willingness to participate in order to influence decision-making.
This survey series charts Finnish alcohol consumption, concentrating on consumption not recorded in statistics. The surveys investigate the use of home-made, smuggled, and privately imported alcoholic beverages, and the use of pure alcohol. At first, the surveys were carried out by the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies, which was annexed to the National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES) (nowadays the National Institute for Health and Welfare ) in 1996. The FSD collections cover data from 1995 to 2002.
City services have been studied since 1983. The surveys, conducted by the Association of Finnish Cities, and since 1993 by Efektia and Efeko (nowadays FCG Finnish Consulting Group), canvass citizens' attitudes towards municipal services and administration. The datasets are to a large extent comparable.
The Department of Social Services and Health Care in the City of Tampere and the UKK Institute launched this joint research project in 1990. Tampere Health and Social Surveys cover the health of the citizens in Tampere and the use of social and health services. The surveys were carried out in a relatively similar manner every three years from 1990 to 2008. The archive contains the surveys from 1996 onwards. Most of the questions are repeated in all surveys, which allows the datasets to be compared over time.
Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development was initiated as Lea Pulkkinen's doctoral dissertation in 1968. Since then, the study has continued to follow the same individuals for over 40 years. When the project was launched, 369 eight-year-old children participated in the research. They were randomly selected among second-graders in primary school. After the first research, data have been collected when the respondents have been 14, 20, 27, 33, 36, 42, 50, and 60 years old. The latest data collection started in 2020.
When the respondents were still in school, the principal methods of data collection were teacher ratings and peer nominations on the pupils' social behaviour. In adulthood, the data collection methods have mostly been interviews and questionnaires. At the ages of 42 and 50, the respondents also participated in medical examinations and laboratory tests. The research themes have included socioemotional development and personality, education and career, family of origin and one's own family, health behaviour and health, and social adjustment. The measures used in the JYLS studies are presented in the methods table.
The number of participants has been high during the whole project: each round of data collection has yielded a response rate of 70% or more among the original sample. The sample has been proven to be representative of its age group in terms of family relations, education, occupational status, and unemployment.
The Academy of Finland has been the main source of funding since 1986. In addition, the Finnish Cultural Foundation funded the project in 1986. The research was conducted by university students and officials at the University of Jyväskylä up to 1986. The Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development (JYLS) was one of the three major longitudinal studies included in the Human Development and Its Risk Factors Programme, which was approved as the Centre of Excellence for the years 1997-1999 and 2000-2005 by the Academy of Finland and the Ministry of Education. In 2009, the data collection was financed by the Academy of Finland's funding granted to Lea Pulkkinen (decision no. 127125) and Katja Kokko (decision no. 118316). The project is located at the Gerontology Research Center at the University of Jyväskylä and led by Docent and Research Director Katja Kokko.
This survey series forms part of the Infocity programme, which itself was a sub-programme of the eTampere programme (2001-2005). The Infocity programme aimed at promoting and developing online services for the citizens of Tampere (Finland). The surveys chart respondents' (aged between 15 and 74) use of information technology, the Internet and online services in Tampere. The surveys were carried out every year from 2000 to 2005 by Taloustutkimus.
The Foundation for Municipal Development conducts annual surveys covering opinions on local (municipal) democracy, local government, local economy and services. Respondents are generally local inhabitants, municipal managers and the chairpersons of municipal boards. The data enable comparison between the opinions of the inhabitants on the one hand, and the managers and chairpersons on the other. The surveys also study municipal managers' views on the policies of the Government of Finland and the functionality of local co-operation. The survey series was launched in 1992. The FSD collections cover data from 1992 to 2010.
Finnish Science Barometers study attitudes towards science and research. Topics cover usefulness, quality and ethics of science, benefits and risks of scientific and technological development, and world-view. The first barometer was conducted in 2001, after which data have been collected at three-year intervals. The surveys are commissioned by Tieteen tiedotus ry and carried out by Yhdyskuntatutkimus.
Health Promotion Barometers, formerly called Health Barometers, chart the views of municipal and organisational decision makers on the present state and the future of health promotion. In addition, the surveys investigate the respondents' attitudes towards current health issues from the administrative point of view. The surveys conducted annually 1992-2011 by the Finnish Centre for Health Promotion (nowadays SOSTE Finnish Society for Social and Health).
The first two Rural Finland barometers were conducted as part of the Landmarks Programme (2010-2012) of the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra. The barometers provide information on the relationship of the Finns to the countryside and on their ideas for its future. Respondents are Finnish citizens, business managers, public sector decision-makers, media representatives, and countryside experts. FSD collections contain data from 2009 to 2013.
Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup, Kantar) has been collecting follow-up data on Finnish public elections, using its computerised GallupChannel Data Collection System. The surveys, led by Tom Moring and Juhani Pehkonen, have studied voting behaviour, political party and candidate choice, and what kind of influence the media, information sources, election campaigns and advertising have had on people's voting decisions.
The data in the series have been collected as part of the Finnish Working Life Barometers which cover employees in all sectors, using the same questionnaire. This series covers employees in the local government sector only, containing an oversample of the target population. The questions used are the same as for the main survey. The series is commissioned by the Centre for Occupational Safety and its Local Government Sector Group. The surveys conducted 1994-2011.
Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. Main topics include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. This series allows longitudinal study on changes in the working conditions of municipal employees.
Public procurement notices data contain the announcements published in HILMA, an electronic forum for publishing contract notices. Public contracts are supply, service or public works contracts into which the state, municipalities or federations of municipalities, state enterprises and other contracting authorities, as defined in the procurement legislation, enter with external suppliers. Contracting authorities are required to publish the contracts exceeding a threshold value in the HILMA database. FSD collections contain data from 2007 to 2019.
The data series contains register information on the vacancies notified to the Public Employment Service in Finland. Information is provided on open vacancies, employers reporting them and the process of filling the vacancies. Regional variables as well as variables connected to the time frames of the recruitment process have been added to the data. The series also contains data on employment, unemployment and labour market policy measures aiming to enhance employment.
The Ministry of Employment and the Economy produces new datasets each year.
In this survey series, well-being at school is under observation. The respondents belong to four target groups: primary schools (grades 4-6), lower secondary schools (grades 7-9), upper secondary institutions, and personnel. The data are collected during each school year, and schools can independently decide in what time of the year they respond to the survey. The first datasets archived at the FSD are from the school year 2004-2005.
The School Well-being Profile is based on Anne Konu's doctoral dissertation, in which well-being at school is divided into four categories: school conditions, social relationships in school, means for self-fulfilment in school, and health status. The quantitative datasets in the series examine these categories with the help of statements and multiple choice questions. The topics in the survey are the same to all respondents, but the wording of the questions has been specifically adjusted for each target group. The data are collected through an Internet survey on the web page of the Finnish National Board of Education.
Finnish National Election Studies are nationally representative surveys conducted in connection with parliamentary elections in Finland. Data have been collected by the Election Study Consortium from the year 2003 onwards. For further information, see Finnish National Election Study Consortium site.
The data, collected through face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires, allow study of changes in public opinion and democracy over time. Some modules are repeated but each study also contains questions on current issues. Main themes include political participation, political attitudes, candidate and party choice, voting, and election campaigning.
The survey series, produced by the Church Research Institute, studies the religiosity and beliefs of continental Finns, and their relationship to the Evangelical Lutheran Chruch of Finland and other religious communities. Themes studied include supernatural phenomena, spirituality and morality, and the importance of different parish activities. The survey data have been collected as part of a separate, cross-national RISC Monitor study. The surveys are carried out by MDC RISC International and Gallup Finland (TNS Gallup, Kantar). FSD collections cover data for 1999, 2002, 2004 and 2007.
The data in the series studied the adoption and use of mobile phones in the lives of Finnish children, young people and families. There are over ten thousand pages of interview transcriptions. Interviewees were families, teenagers, young people, courting couples and teachers. In addition to mobile phone use, the interviews hold information about the everyday lives of Finns at the time.
Data collection started in 1997 and continued in three different projects, funded by Nokia Mobile Phones, Telecom Finland and the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. In 2001, Information Society Research Centre (INSOC), Sonera Mobile Operations and Nokia Mobile Phone carried out a research project called 'Wireless Kids - International Research on Mobile Cultures of Adolescents'. The project explored the mobile communication of children aged under 13 and of teenagers aged 13 to 18, using media ethnographic methodology.
Tampere Praksis is a collaborative project of the City of Tampere, University of Tampere (Faculty of Social Sciences, Degree Programme in Social Work), Tampere University of Applied Sciences, and Pikassos, the Centre of Excellence on Social Welfare in the regions of Kanta-Häme, Pirkanmaa and Satakunta. The main goal of the project has been to establish a cooperative structure for social services development, and social work education and study, thus combining practice, learning and research for the mutual benefit of all. The project has focused, for instance, on modelling learning in practical work, developing social services through research, promoting working life orientation of teaching, and investigating the use of social media in communication. Data has been collected for various purposes and in varied modes.
Finnish Working Life Barometers are annual surveys investigating employee opinions on changes in working life in Finland. The survey series was launched in 1992 and is conducted by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment. Many questions and themes have remained the same over the years. Main themes include employment, economy, staff numbers, autonomy, organisation and flexibility of work, and psychosocial work environment. Data are collected through (computer-assisted) telephone interviews in connection with the Labour Force Surveys of Statistics Finland.
The survey series consists of career follow-up studies of multidisciplinary Finnish universities. Each survey charts the career and employment situation of people with Bachelor's or Master's degrees five years after their graduation. Respondents are asked about their work history, current employment situation and satisfaction with their academic degree. The number of universities participating in the survey each year may vary. The surveys are conducted as part of national cooperation between Finnish universities and collected by the Aarresaari network of the Academic Career Services in Finland.
The gambling surveys, commissioned by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, chart Finnish gambling behaviour, attitudes to gambling and problem gambling. The surveys use a South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). Data are collected every four years.
The survey series, commissioned by the Church Research Institute, studies Finnish religiosity and values, participation in the activities of the Evangelical Lutheran Church and relationship to the church. Data are collected every four years. FSD collections include data from the year 1995 onwards.
The series contains qualitative data produced by the research project Client-centeredness in Community-based Mental Health Rehabilitation of Young Adults 2010-2012 . The research focused on outpatient rehabilitation courses for young adults with serious mental health problems. Data archived at FSD contain different kinds of interactions. Some interactions happened 'naturally', that is, they would have taken place anyway (rehabilitation or multiagency team meetings) while other interactions were arranged specifically for the research (client and staff interviews).